There are many factors to consider when planning for a project and designing the site plan. These include the size of the property, geographic area, topographic conditions, natural features, transportation network, market demographics, and the proximity to employment, retail, cultural activities and schools.
The design of the project should incorporate the concept of value engineering, whereby each project component is analyzed to realize the best overall design for the least cost and maximum benefit. This can be accomplished by analyzing concept site plans and schematic engineering plans to improve on density, product type, lot sizes, street and block layout and earthwork procedures.
All projects should strive to minimize the front-end cost and capitalize on the time value of money. By phasing the off-site utility or roadway improvements to be consistent with the needs of each internal phase these expenditures can be minimized.